|Nine Men Morris is a two-player ancient abstract strategy board game that originates in Roman Empire. The close relative of this game is Twelve Men Morris (also called Morabaraba).
9 Men Morris is played on a special board with 24 circle cells placed on three concentric squares. The circles are connected with lines as shown on the following picture:
There are two players: the first one has 9 White and the second has 9 Black men before a game starts.
|The goal of the game is to capture 7 opponent's men or to block them so the opponent has no any legal move on his turn.
A game begins with an empty board. Players move alternatively, starting from the player having White men.
The game play is divided into two phases:
During the first phase players place a single man per turn in any empty circle on the board. If by placing a man the player forms a new mill (or several mills) of his color then he gets a right to capture one of opponent's men. The player can also skip capturing and pass the turn to his opponent if he wants.
After all 9 men are placed on the board the second phase begins. During the second phase each player can move any of his men to any empty adjacent circle along the drawn lines. As in the first phase, if moving a man forms a new mill then player gets a right to capture one of opponent's men. Players are allowed to break their own mills and remake them repeatedly by moving their man back and forth. Each time the mill is formed the player is allowed to capture another opponent's man. But keep in mind that breaking own mills exposes the men which were in a mill to the risk of being captured by the opponent on his next turn.
When a player remains with only three men they are turned into "flying men". These player's men are allowed to "fly" to any empty circles, not just adjacent ones.
|End of Game
The game ends up in one of the following situations:
There are several variations of the game rules: